Every spring, right around this time (spring equinox) we get out our big box of seed packages, sort them, map out our garden plan, and start our favourite varieties. For those of you who are local, if you need organic non-GMO seeds, please drop by Little City Farm to check out our selection of seeds from High Mowing. Every Saturday from 10-1 pm through the spring. And consider taking our Seedling Starting workshop on April 2, as local organic farmer Angie Koch (Fertile Ground CSA) will be here to lead the class and answer all your seed-starting questions.
Here is the handy planting guide that we use each year - it's printed and up on our fridge for easy reference. Enjoy!
From Little City
For zone 5 to 6 in southern Ontario this is based
on frostfree date of May 24
(greens listed here can continue to be planted
throughout the growing season)
other greens in
greenhouse or in flats indoors (to be planted out to greenhouse).
medicinal and culinary herbs
by middle of February. Some take 6-8 weeks to germinate!
WEEKS TO LAST FROST
(aprox. March 15)
seeds of celery,
eggplant, leeks, onion, pepper
and flowers like impatiens,
lobelia, verbena and perennials
WEEKS TO LAST FROST (aprox. March 29)
seeds of early head
lettuce and flowers
coleus, nicotiana, petunia, salvia
WEEKS TO LAST FROST (aprox. April 5)
seeds of tomatoes,
hot peppers, and early basil
WEEKS TO LAST FROST(aprox. April 12)
seeds of early left
lettuce, early cabbages including cauliflower, broccoli, brussels
sprouts, kohlrabi and kale, and small seeded annuals
indoors. DIRECT SEED broad
beans, carrots, peas, spinach, leaf lettuce, turnips, dill, parsley,
and hardy flowers such as alyssum, candytuft, pansies, poppies,
snapdragons, stocks, sunflowers and sweet peas.
Plant onion sets
or transplant onion
WEEKS TO LAST FROST (aprox. April 26)
seeds indoors. If desired, start seeds of late
basil, cucumber, squash, pumpkin, large-seeded annuals, and flowering
vines indoors in
peat pots. DIRECT SEED radishes,
beets, cabbages, chard, head lettuce, and flowers such as hollyhock,
and mallow. Plant
and transplant seedlings of early
WEEKS TO LAST FROST (aprox. May 10)
SEED corn, tender
bulbs such as glads, and annual vines such as morning glory.
OF LAST FROST (aprox. May 17-24)
the last frost date you can finally direct seed beans,
cauliflower, cucumber, squashes, heat-loving flowers such as zinnias,
marigold, and lavatera.
Transplant your tomatoes.
If you've got them, transplant cauliflower,
squash and cucumber
to 2 WEEKS AFTER FROST (aprox. May 31-June
Wait for a couple
of weeks after the last frost before direct seedling lima
beans, soybeans, melons and herbs such as basil, summer savory and
melon, peppers, eggplant
seedlings when the night temperatures stay well above 10 degrees C.
Plant sweet potato
slips. Start second
crop of kale
for second crop.